Frequently, patients with gastrointestinal parasitic infections do not have any signs and symptoms that are specific for parasitic infections (eg fever, malaise, fatigue, sweating, wt loss, anorexia, edema, pruritus).
Some patients may be asymptomatic.
Gastrointestinal symptoms, if present, include diarrhea, abdominal pain, dysentery, flatulence, jaundice, rectal prolapse, dyspepsia, malabsorption, vomiting and biliary colic.
A new dietary product derived from cow's milk fermentation with Lactobacillus paracasei CBA L74 protected against common infectious diseases (CIDs) affecting the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts among young children attending daycare, according to a study presented at the recent European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) annual meeting held in Athens, Greece.
Probiotics, particularly Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, enhances intestinal function in children with rotavirus and cryptosporidial gastroenteritis, according to a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
Single-dose oral albendazole treatment produces higher cure rate than mebendazole for soil-transmitted helminth (STH) control based on a community-based, randomised, controlled trial in the People's Republic of China.
Among adolescents who have only received diphtheria, tetanus toxoids, acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccines in childhood, tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine provides moderate protection against pertussis during the first year and then wanes rapidly thereafter.
Despite the prevalence of corticosteroid use in infants with bronchiolitis, data on its efficacy is insufficient. In this study, oral dexamethasone was compared with placebo in the treatment of bronchiolitis.