Gastric cancer is the cancer originating in the esophagus, esophagogastric junction and stomach.
Most of gastric cancers are adenocarcinomas, subdivided according to histological appearances into diffuse (undifferentiated) and intestinal (well differentiated) types.
It is the 4th most common cancer and the 2nd most common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide.
Most common sites of gastric cancer are the proximal lesser curvature, cardia and esophagogastric junction.
The combination of TAS-118 and oxaliplatin led to significantly greater survival compared with the S-1 and cisplatin combination in patients with metastatic or recurrent HER2-negative gastric cancer, the phase III SOLAR* study showed.
Pembrolizumab is noninferior to standard chemotherapy for overall survival (OS) in advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction (G/GEJ) cancer in the first-line setting, thus providing a potential alternative treatment option for patients with G/GEJ, according to the KEYNOTE-062 study presented at ASCO 2019.
Whether patients had prior gastrectomy did not attenuate the survival benefit conferred by oral trifluridine/tipiracil for those with heavily pretreated metastatic gastric/gastroesophageal junction (G/GEJ) adenocarcinoma, according to new updates from the TAGS study presented at ASCO GI Cancers Symposium (GICS) 2019.
The combination of paclitaxel and FOLFOX led to an improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) compared with FOLFOX alone among chemotherapy-naïve patients with advanced gastric cancer, according to results from the phase II FNF-004* trial presented at ASCO GI 2019.
Patients with previously treated metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma had improved overall survival (OS) when a trifluridine-tipiracil combination was added to a supportive care regimen compared with best supportive care alone, according to findings of the phase III TAGS* trial.
The use of anti-PD-L1 antibody avelumab in the third-line setting does not appear to increase overall or progression-free survival compared with chemotherapy in patients with advanced gastric cancer/gastro-oesophageal junction cancer, according to the results of the phase III JAVELIN Gastric 300 trial.
Early gastric cancer patients receiving Helicobacter pylori treatment are at lower risk of subsequently developing metachronous or new primary gastric cancer tumours, according to the results of a trial. Moreover, this treatment yields substantial improvements in the grade of gastric corpus atrophy.
Aspirin does not appear to confer any survival benefits for patients with oesophageal or gastric cancer, according to a recent study, which shows no improvement in cancer-specific or all-cause mortality rates following low-dose prescriptions.
Having migraine during midlife appears to be associated with a higher risk of developing dementia in later life, according to a large population-based longitudinal Danish study presented at the AHS* 2020 Virtual Meeting, indicating that migraine may be a risk factor for dementia.
Patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) often suffer from liver abnormalities, which are associated with higher body mass index (BMI), daily consumption of alcohol, more severe disease, and some therapies, according to a recent study.
Pembrolizumab in combination with chemotherapy significantly improves progression-free survival (PFS) vs chemotherapy alone in patients with previously untreated, locally recurrent inoperable or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), results of the KEYNOTE-355 study have shown.