food%20allergy%20(pediatric)
FOOD ALLERGY (PEDIATRIC)
Food allergy is an adverse reaction due to a specific immune response occurring reproducibly upon exposure to certain foods. It occurs minutes to hours after food consumption.
Immunological mechanisms can be IgE mediated, non-IgE mediated or mixed IgE and non-IgE mediated.
It may be life-threatening and is the most common cause of anaphylaxis in children.
It should be differentiated from food intolerance in which adverse reactions from exposure to food arise from non-immunological mechanisms.

Patient Education

Patient/Caregiver Education 

  • Nutritional counseling & regular growth monitoring are recommended for all children w/ food allergy (FA)
  • Patient & caregivers should be educated on allergy to avoid inadvertent ingestion of food allergens
    • Learn to read food labels, to inquire at restaurants & take precautionary measures to prevent unintentional exposure to known food allergens
  • Medical information bracelet or necklace for the patient can provide important medical details when patient is found unconscious or cannot communicate due to the food-induced adverse reaction
  • Food allergy action plan should be developed, containing steps to take in case of a reaction
    • Include doses of medications & contact information for family members & health care providers
    • This plan should be thoroughly discussed w/ patients, family members & caregivers
    • Patients w/ history of food-induced anaphylaxis need to know how to use self-injectable Epinephrine
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
DOWNLOAD
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Elvira Manzano, 6 days ago
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
Yesterday
Drinking coffee, whether caffeinated or decaffeinated, is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality in patients with a prior myocardial infarction (MI), according to a recent study.
3 days ago
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
Pearl Toh, 13 Oct 2017
Women with higher plasma tryptophan concentrations were less likely to have poor sleep quality during pregnancy, especially among those with anxiety symptoms, according to the GUSTO* study.