food%20allergy%20(pediatric)
FOOD ALLERGY (PEDIATRIC)
Food allergy is an adverse reaction due to a specific immune response occurring reproducibly upon exposure to certain foods. It occurs minutes to hours after food consumption.
Immunological mechanisms can be IgE mediated, non-IgE mediated or mixed IgE and non-IgE mediated.
It may be life-threatening and is the most common cause of anaphylaxis in children.
It should be differentiated from food intolerance in which adverse reactions from exposure to food arise from non-immunological mechanisms.

Food%20allergy%20(pediatric) Patient Education

Patient Education

Patient/Caregiver Education 

  • Nutritional counseling and regular growth monitoring are recommended for all children with food allergy (FA)
  • Patient and caregivers should be educated on allergy to avoid inadvertent ingestion of food allergens
    • Learn to read food labels, to inquire at restaurants and take precautionary measures to prevent unintentional exposure to known food allergens
  • Medical information bracelet or necklace for the patient can provide important medical details when patient is found unconscious or cannot communicate due to the food-induced adverse reaction
  • FA action plan should be developed, containing steps to take in case of a reaction
    • Include doses of medications and contact information for family members and healthcare providers
    • This plan should be thoroughly discussed with patients, family members and caregivers
    • Patients with history of food-induced anaphylaxis need to know how to use self-injectable Epinephrine
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 21 Nov 2020
Antiviral treatment with tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF) during pregnancy in highly viraemic mothers effectively prevents mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) with no safety concerns, according to two studies presented during the AASLD 2020 Liver Meeting.
11 Dec 2020
A multifaceted intervention that consists of a simplified dosing handout, a teaching session, teach-back, and provision of a standardized dosing device facilitates safe dosing of liquid acetaminophen and ibuprofen by parents or guardians of children discharged from the emergency department, according to a study.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 28 Sep 2020

A 4-week course of amoxicillin-clavulanate in children with protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) does not improve cough resolution rates compared with a 2-week course, according to a study from Australia. However, the longer course may significantly extend time to first cough exacerbation.