food%20allergy%20(pediatric)
FOOD ALLERGY (PEDIATRIC)
Food allergy is an adverse reaction due to a specific immune response occurring reproducibly upon exposure to certain foods. It occurs minutes to hours after food consumption.
Immunological mechanisms can be IgE mediated, non-IgE mediated or mixed IgE and non-IgE mediated.
It may be life-threatening and is the most common cause of anaphylaxis in children.
It should be differentiated from food intolerance in which adverse reactions from exposure to food arise from non-immunological mechanisms.

Differential Diagnosis

Food Intolerance

  • Adverse reactions from foods or food components arising from non-immunologic mechanisms, which include
    • Metabolic: Lactose intolerance
    • Pharmacologic: Caffeine
    • Toxic: Scombroid fish toxin
    • Undefined: Sulfites, reactions from food additives (eg artificial color)
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 6 days ago

About one-quarter of the calories consumed by children and adolescents may be acquired from empty calories, according to a US-based study presented at Nutrition 2020 Live Online.

Elaine Soliven, 20 Jul 2020
Treatment with riboflavin significantly reduced monthly headache days in children and adolescents with migraine, according to a study presented at AHS 2020.
Elaine Soliven, 18 Jul 2020

The use of insulin detemir among women with pre-existing diabetes was not associated with an increased risk of negative pregnancy outcomes, such as major congenital malformations and perinatal or neonatal deaths, compared with other basal insulins, according to the EVOLVE* study.