food%20allergy%20(pediatric)
FOOD ALLERGY (PEDIATRIC)
Food allergy is an adverse reaction due to a specific immune response occurring reproducibly upon exposure to certain foods. It occurs minutes to hours after food consumption.
Immunological mechanisms can be IgE mediated, non-IgE mediated or mixed IgE and non-IgE mediated.
It may be life-threatening and is the most common cause of anaphylaxis in children.
It should be differentiated from food intolerance in which adverse reactions from exposure to food arise from non-immunological mechanisms.

Differential Diagnosis

Food Intolerance

  • Adverse reactions from foods or food components arising from non-immunologic mechanisms, which include
    • Metabolic: Lactose intolerance
    • Pharmacologic: Caffeine
    • Toxic: Scombroid fish toxin
    • Undefined: Sulfites, reactions from food additives (eg artificial color)
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Jairia Dela Cruz, Yesterday
For individual with type 2 diabetes, losing weight is everything when it comes to improving the metabolic function, and it matters little whether this is achieved by dieting or undergoing bariatric surgery, according to a small study.
Pearl Toh, 21 Sep 2020
Early and sustained treatments with simplified regimen are the key to achieving good asthma control, said experts during a presentation at the ERS 2020 Congress.
3 days ago
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), in the revascularization of left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease may lead to death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke in patients with moderate or severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, reveals a study.
16 Sep 2020
XOFLUZA – Baloxavir marboxil 20 mg and 40 mg FC tab