erectile%20dysfunction
ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION

Erectile dysfunction is the inability to attain and maintain an erection enough to have satisfactory sexual performance for ≥3 months.

It is when the patient complains of partial erection that could not attain vaginal penetration.

Complete loss of penile rigidity is uncommon.

Initial penile erections can penetrate but early detumescence occurs without ejaculation.

Definition

  • Inability to attain & maintain an erection enough to have satisfactory sexual performance for at least 3 months

Etiology

  • Increasing evidence have shown that erectile dysfunction can be an early manifestation of coronary artery & peripheral vascular disease

Signs and Symptoms

  • Complete loss of penile rigidity is uncommon
  • A patient may complain of partial erection that could not attain vaginal penetration
  • Initial penile erections can penetrate but early detumescence occurs without ejaculation
  • Nocturnal penile tumescence
  • Inability to maintain erection during private masturbation and/or erections related to erotic materials or other partners

Risk Factors

  • Erectile dysfunction has common risk factors as w/ cardiovascular diseases
  • Studies have shown that erectile dysfunction has been associated w/ lower urinary tract symptoms, benign prostatic hyperplasia, & sexual dysfunction regardless of age & other comorbidities & various lifestyle factors
Comorbidities & other risk factors that may contribute to erectile dysfunction:
Arteriogenic
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypertension
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Hyperlipidemia & the metabolic syndrome
  • Heavy smoking
  • Peripheral vascular disorders
  • Recreational drug abuse
Neurogenic
  • Trauma
  • Spinal cord injury
Endocrine
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypogonadism/testosterone deficiency
  • Hyperprolactinemia
  • Hyper- & hypothyroidism
  • Obesity
Psychiatric & Psychogenic
  • Depression
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Relationship issues
  • Stress
  • Performance anxiety
  • Loss of attraction
Drugs
  • Antiandrogens (eg Finasteride) 
  • Antihypertensives (beta-blockers, Spironolactone, Methyldopa, thiazide diuretics)
  • Narcotics
  • Cimetidine
  • Antidepressants
  • Tranquillizers
  • Others
Penile Disorders
  • Peyronie’s disease
  • Severe phimosis
Others
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Obstructive sleep apnea 
  • Pelvic and prostatic radiation therapy
  • Pelvic and prostate surgery [eg transuretheral resection of the prostate (TURP), radical prostatectomy 
  • Sedentary lifestyle
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Endocrinology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
6 days ago
Being overweight or obese in adolescence appears to increase the risk of papillary thyroid cancer in adulthood, a recent study has shown.
3 days ago
A recent study reports a mean growth rate of proximal aorta of about 0.1 mm/year in hypertensive patients with known aortic dilatation. In addition, those with increased rather than normal aortic z score have slower dilatation over time.
Tristan Manalac, 2 days ago
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) appears to be more dangerous among cancer patients, who tend suffer more severe complications and faster disease progression, according to a new study.
6 days ago
Knee osteoarthritis (OA), whether symptomatic or radiographic, contributes to an increased risk of all-cause mortality, with the risk increase from symptomatic knee OA partially attributed to its effect on disability and quality of life (QoL).