epilepsy%20(pediatric)
EPILEPSY (PEDIATRIC)
Epileptic seizure is a transient occurrence of signs or symptoms that is due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
Epilepsy is a disorder that is characterized by a persistent predisposition of the brain to generate epileptic seizures.
This condition may cause neurobiologic, cognitive, psychological and social disturbances.
It is recommended that all patients having a first seizure be referred to a specialist as soon as possible.

Surgical Intervention

  • May be an option for epileptic patients with seizures uncontrolled by pharmacotherapy
  • Assess patient for the suitability of curative resective procedures before considering palliative procedures

Curative Resective Procedures

  • Anterior and medial temporal lobe resection
    • Effects: Approximately 70% of the patients become seizure-free
  • Resection of epileptogenic focus based on electroencephalogram (EEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    • Effects: Approximately 50% of the patients become seizure-free

Palliative Procedures

  • Corpus callosotomy, subpial transection
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