Epiglottitis is the inflammation of the epiglottis and supraglottic tissues (aryepilottic folds, arytenoid, uvula).
It is often characterized by an acute, rapidly progressing respiratory disease.
It is a medical emergency in children requiring immediate treatment and typically artificial airway placement.
H. influenzae type B is the most common etiologic agent in children.

Epiglottitis References

  1. Bowman J. Epiglottitis: adult. eMedicine Journal. 2001 Sep;2(9). http://www.emedicine.com/emerg/topic169.htm. Accessed 19 Aug 2002
  2. Sack JL, Brock CD. Identifying acute epiglottitis in adults: high degree of awareness, close monitoring are key. Postgrad Med. 2002 Jul;112(1):81-82, 85-86. PMID: 12146095
  3. Felter R. Epiglottitis: pediatric. eMedicine Journal. 2001 Jun;2(6). http://www.eMedicine.com/emerg/topic375.htm. Accessed 19 Aug 2002
  4. Gilbert DN, Moellering RC, Eliopoulos GM, et al. The Sanford guide to antimicrobial therapy. 40th. Sperryville, VA: Antimicrobial Therapy Inc; 2010.
  5. Cohen J, Powderly WG, Berkley SF, et al. Cohen and Powderly: infectious diseases. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Mosby; 2004
  6. Gershon AA, Hotez PJ, Katz SL. Haemophilus influenzae type b. In: Gershon AA, Hotez PJ, Katz SL. Krugman’s infectious diseases of children. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Inc; 2004.
  7. Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, eds. Mandell, Douglas and Bennett’s principles and practice of infectious diseases. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, Inc; 2000
  8. Gunn VL, Nechyba C, eds. The Harriet Lane handbook: a manual for pediatric house officers. 16th ed. St. Louis, MO: MD Consult LLC; 2002.
  9. Behrman RE, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB, eds. Nelson textbook of Pediatrics. 17th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, Elsevier; 2004
  10. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
  11. Chow AW. Adult epiglottitis. Best Practice of Medicine. http://merck.praxis.md/bpm/bpmprint_ main.asp. Apr 2000. Accessed 19 Aug 2002
  12. Abdallah C. Acute epiglottitis: trends, diagnosis and management. Saudi J Anaesth. 2012 Jul;6(3):279-281. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pmc/articles/PMC3498669/?report=printable. Accessed 26 Nov 2014. PMID: 23162404
  13. Nayak JL, Weinberg GA. Epiglottitis. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:785-788.
  14. Woods C. Epiglottitis (supraglottitis): clinical features and diagnosis. UpToDate. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/epiglottitis-supraglottitis-clinical-features-anddiagnosis?source=related_link. Oct 2014. Accessed 26 Nov 2014.
  15. Woods C. Epiglottitis (supraglottitis): treatment and prevention. UpToDate. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/epiglottitis-supraglottitis-treatment-and-prevention. Oct 2014. Accessed 26 Nov 2014.
  16. Zoorob R, Sidani MA, Fremont RD, Kihlberg A. Antibiotic use in acute upper respiratory tract infections. Am Fam Physician. 2012 Nov;86(9):817-822. http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/p817.pdf. Accessed 26 Nov 2014. PMID: 23113461
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