Nondiabetic renal disease (NDRD) in patients with diabetes is frequently caused by nephroangiosclerosis, and the risk of NDRD is high in the absence of diabetic retinopathy and in elderly patients with microhaematuria, as reported in a recent study. However, compared with NDRD, diabetic nephropathy (DN) is associated with worse renal prognosis and higher mortality.
Higher concentrations of distinct ceramide species, known to be linked to adverse metabolic health, are associated with cumulative sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption that contributes to the development of cardiometabolic diseases, suggests a study.
Impaired fasting glucose appears to be a stronger risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) than metabolic syndrome (MetS), reports a new Japan study. The coexistence of the two factors confers the highest T2DM risk.
A robust association exists between improvements in carbohydrate quality index (CQI) and concurrent favourable cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor changes maintained over time in overweight/obese adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS), according to a study.
A new noninvasive risk score―incorporating factors such as waist circumference, age, sex, and histories of hyperglycaemia and diabetes in the family― reliably identifies those at high dysglycaemia risk, reports a new Saudi Arabia study.
Sleep disorder in nonstandard shift workers appears to contribute to more severe hypogonadal symptoms and lower testosterone levels when compared with daytime workers and nonstandard shift workers without sleep disorder, according to a study.
A US-based retrospective cohort study has shown no difference in the rates of mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) with initiation and continuous use of either analogue or human insulin in insulin-naïve adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D).
A recent study reports a mean growth rate of proximal aorta of about 0.1 mm/year in hypertensive patients with known aortic dilatation. In addition, those with increased rather than normal aortic z score have slower dilatation over time.
Knee osteoarthritis (OA), whether symptomatic or radiographic, contributes to an increased risk of all-cause mortality, with the risk increase from symptomatic knee OA partially attributed to its effect on disability and quality of life (QoL).
It takes just less than 4 days for COVID-19 to spread from one person to another and cause symptoms, and more than 10 percent of the cases are infected by a person who has caught the virus but yet to show symptoms, recent studies suggest.