Large decreases in glycaemic level potentially represent a red flag for dementia in older adults with type 2 diabetes, suggesting that optimizing glycaemic level in later life requires caution, according to a recent study.
Sesame oil with or without vitamin E improves several cardiometabolic indices, including lipids, fasting blood glucose (FBG), blood pressure (BP), homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR) and malondialdehyde among others, in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS), results of a randomized, single-blind controlled trial have shown.
Moderate-to-large weight gain and loss are both associated with an increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, with a slightly higher risk for weight loss than gain, according to a study involving middle-aged and elderly Chinese.
The combination of unhealthy lifestyle factors, including heavy alcohol drinking, sedentary-level physical activity, low dietary adherence and overweight/obesity, showed a robust association with hypertension, a recent study has shown.
Upfront combination therapy with metformin and the DPP-4* inhibitor vildagliptin may improve glycaemic durability in patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with sequential therapy with metformin monotherapy followed by vildagliptin, results from the VERIFY** trial showed.
Dietary glycaemic index (GI) or glycaemic load (GL) shows no significant association with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, according to the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis. However, GI appears to be positively associated with all-cause death in women.
Higher cardiorespiratory fitness may result in lower healthcare expenditures among individuals with and without diabetes, a study has shown. In addition, the association between fitness and cost savings is particularly evident among those with diabetes.
About 7 percent of diazoxide‐treated paediatric patients with hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia develop pulmonary hypertension (PH), with risk factors including congenital heart disease and fluid overload, as shown in a retrospective study.