A lifestyle intervention combining dietary and physical activity counselling initiated during early pregnancy does not appear to effectively improve dietary intake, physical activity, or obstetric and perinatal outcomes in pregnant women at high risk of gestational diabetes mellitus, according to data from the RADIEL trial.
Green tea consumption is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, and this association shows a dose-response pattern, according to the results of two large-scale population-based cohorts of Chinese men and women.
Family history of diabetes appears to pose an increased risk of colorectal cancer in men, and this association may be partly mediated by altered sex hormones and adiponectin, according to a recent study.
Isolated or combined blood pressure (BP) elevations identified by office or ambulatory measurements are associated with a greater risk of new-onset metabolic syndrome (MetS), suggests a recent study. On the other hand, only white-coat hypertension (WCH) is linked to an increased risk of incident MetS whenever BP phenotypes are identified by office or home measurement.
Patients with chronic kidney disease appear to be at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared with the general population, with predictors including poor baseline glycaemic control and family history of diabetes mellitus, a study has found.
Treatment with low-dose aspirin appears to reduce the risk of serious vascular events in diabetic individuals without evident cardiovascular disease at baseline, although this risk decrease is achieved with an accompanying increase in the rates of major bleeding events, according to data from the ASCEND trial.
Dietary nicotinamide riboside (NR) supplementation in 2,000-mg doses daily over a 12-week period is safe, a recent study has shown. However, it does not improve insulin sensitivity and whole-body glucose metabolism in obese, insulin-resistant men.
Radha Chitale spoke with Dr. Kim A. Williams, Sr., who served as the 2015-2016 president of the American College of Cardiology, during the organization's annual meeting in Chicago, Illinois, US as he reflected on his term and discussed what's exciting in cardiology.