Mild autonomous cortisol secretion (MACS), a cardiometabolic risk condition, mainly affects women with benign adrenal tumour and requires regular assessment for hypertension and type 2 diabetes (T2D), reveals a study.
Individuals with metabolic syndrome who are hospitalized for COVID-19 may have a greater risk for more severe COVID-19 disease, including an elevated risk of in-hospital mortality, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and intensive care unit (ICU) admission, a recent prospective study showed.
Treatment with percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) appears to produce marked reductions in the volume of benign cystic thyroid nodules, with the reduction evident at 6 months post-treatment and stable over time, according to the results of a meta-analysis.
Low platelet counts, along with low levels of interleukin (IL)-15 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), seem to be good prognostic indicators of metastatic disease in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), a recent study has found.
The risk of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) appears to be higher among individuals with diabetes than in the general population, as well as in men than women, according to a study. Prediction models built around this finding demonstrate moderate accuracy for pinpointing men at high risk of PDAC, in whom surveillance may be required.
The visceral fat area (VFA) index and visceral fat density (VFD) are independently related to the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), according to a study. However, the VFD appears to have a stronger link to the incidence of NAFLD than the VFA index.
Supplementation with vitamin D, particularly at the lower dosage of 600 IU/day, appears to confer positive effects on high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and total cholesterol, with significant changes persisting after the supplementation period, a study has shown.
Adherence to medium-dose spice diet (MSD) for 4 weeks results in a reduction of fasting plasma interleukin (IL)-6 and postprandial plasma IL-11β, IL-8, and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) as well as changes in monocyte function in adults at risk of cardiometabolic disease, a study has shown.
Moderate-intensity stair walking, even bouts as short as 3 minutes, can lower postprandial blood glucose and insulin levels, as shown in a study. However, longer bouts are needed to be beneficial for insulin sensitivity.