Weight gain over the Christmas holiday period can be prevented through a brief behavioural intervention involving regular self-weighing, weight management advice and information about the amount of physical activity needed to expend the calories in foods and drinks, suggests a study.
A rotating night shift work and an unhealthy lifestyle can both lead to a higher risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) among female nurses, according to a recent study. The joint effect is greater than the addition of the risks associated with a higher risk of T2D.
Sonographic patterns outlined by three guidelines (the 2015 American Thyroid Association [ATA] Management Guidelines, the 2014 British Thyroid Association [BTA] Guidelines for the Management of Thyroid Cancer and the Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System TIRADS]) have high sensitivity and negative predictive value (NPV), which are needed for triaging of thyroid nodules for subsequent fine needle aspiration (FNA), according to a Singapore study.
Use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), and possibly glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists, may increase the risk of cholangiocarcinoma in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with use of other second- or third-line antidiabetic drugs, but the absolute risk is low, according to a study.
Treatment with aspirin yields reductions in the risk of serious vascular events, albeit at the expense of increased major bleeding events, in diabetic patients with no evident cardiovascular disease, according to data from the ASCEND Study Collaborative Group.
The mDiabetes intervention is both feasible and acceptable in disseminating knowledge to a large population regarding diabetes and healthy lifestyle, as well as in improving health-seeking behaviour, according to a study in India.
Administration of the RANKL* inhibitor denosumab prior to chemotherapy initiation may prevent secondary reduction in bone mineral density (BMD) induced by chemotherapy, according to the ESPRESSO-02 study presented at ESMO Asia 2018.
In what many clinicians believed was a rare breakthrough, the prescription fish oil icosapent ethyl cut the risk of ischaemic events among statin-treated patients with high triglyceride levels and either cardiovascular disease (CVD) or diabetes in the REDUCE-IT* trial, putting fish oil on the front burner.
A low-carbohydrate diet increases energy expenditure during weight loss maintenance, consistent with the carbohydrate-insulin model, a study has shown. This metabolic effect may contribute to the success of obesity treatment, particularly among those with high insulin secretion.
Stool-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening should be the preferred method of CRC screening in Malaysia, according to Dato Dr Muhammad Radzi Abu Hassan, the Head of Gastroenterology Services in Ministry of Health, Malaysia, who presented the Malaysian experience on CRC screening at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (GUT) 2018 held recently in Penang.