Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) durably diminishes benign thyroid nodules and improves subjective symptoms of patients, making it a reliable alternative to surgery in the management of thyroid nodules, suggests a recent study.
A recent study suggests that instead of focusing on container or dishware size, reducing the number and variety of snack food items available appears to be a more effective intervention in preventing overconsumption of energy-dense foods and obesity in children.
Obesity at any age in adulthood doubles the risk of having poor physical functioning in midlife, with body mass index gains over much of the life course and prolonged exposure to obesity contributing to the risk, according to a study.
Transient hypophosphatemia may be used as an additional biological marker for diagnosing convulsive seizures, potentially helping differentiate between syncope and generalized tonic‐clonic seizures, according to a recent study.
Intuitive eating may help reduce body mass index (BMI) after bariatric surgery, suggests a cross-sectional study in women. Moreover, there have been changes in eating behaviour with increasing time since surgery.
Doing a single bout of walking before dinner has little to no benefits in terms of 24-hour glucose profiles, with the notable exception of a reduction in glucose during the activity itself, according to the results of the E-Paradigm* study.
About one-third of individuals who achieved remission of type 2 diabetes (T2D) after losing weight with an intensive weight management programme sustained their remission at 2 years, according to long-term results of the DiRECT* trial.
Progressive lipolysis may be reduced via the improved antilipolytic effect in adipose tissue, which leads to a reduction in future weight loss caused by sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), suggests a recent study.
Maternal prepregnancy obesity is associated with earlier age at voice break, pubic hair development, axillary hair and acne in sons, as well as with earlier age at menarche, breast development, pubic hair development, axillary hair and acne in daughters, a study has found. These associations appear to be mediated by higher childhood body mass index in sons and partly so in daughters.
Long-term treatment with dual-release hydrocortisone (DR-HC) appears to produce favourable effects on insulin secretion and sensitivity in patients with prediabetes, according to a study. The treatment also confers benefits for metabolic and anthropometric parameters.