Individuals with types 1 (T1D) and 2 diabetes (T2D) mellitus who adhere to a Mediterranean dietary pattern are at lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and microvascular complications, including diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy, a study has found.
High concentrations of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) potentially lead to an increased risk of composite cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes in individuals with or without diabetes mellitus (DM), reveals a recent study. Low HDL-C concentrations, however, do not predict future CVD risk in individuals with DM.
A diet rich in full-fat dairy does not significantly affect fasting lipid profile or blood pressure (BP) in men and women with metabolic syndrome compared with diets limited in dairy or rich in low-fat dairy, reveals a study. Dairy fat, when consumed as part of complex whole foods, does not pose a negative effect on these cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors.
A recent study has shown no significant rise in trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) or platelet reactivity in healthy individuals who consumed four eggs daily, despite high choline content in egg yolks. However, choline bitartrate supplements providing similar total choline has increased both TMAO and platelet reactivity, indicating that the form and source of dietary choline differentially contribute to systemic TMAO levels and platelet responsiveness.
Dual sodium-glucose co-transporter 1/2 (SGLT1/2) inhibition with licogliflozin appears to produce reductions in hyperinsulinaemia and hyperandrogenaemia in women with polycystic ovary syndrome, as shown in a phase II study.