Components of metabolic syndrome increase the relative risk for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) instead of that for its competing event of death, a recent study has shown. In contrast, higher γ-glutamyltransferase levels increase the risk of death before ESKD onset.
In prepubertal females, high adiposity in the abdominal region and ectopic fat accumulation in the skeletal muscle increase cardiometabolic risk in adulthood, a recent study has found. On the other hand, skeletal muscle size and muscle mass are not important cardiometabolic risk factors.
Taking protein supplements with meals, rather than between meals, appears to effectively promote weight control and reduce fat mass without affecting improvements in lean mass in individuals engaging in resistance training, a study has reported.
Use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) among infertile women with thyroid autoimmunity (TAI) vs those without TAI does not elevate the risk for a first-trimester miscarriage, results of a systematic review and meta-analysis have shown.
Caloric sweeteners glucose and fructose, but not the noncaloric sweetener acesulfame-K (ace-K), inhibit antral motility and motilin secretion, and increase cholecystokinin (CCK) secretion, a study has found.
Use of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) is associated with significant decreases in visceral adipose tissue (VAT), body mass index (BMI) and android fat mass, a recent study has found. In addition, MHT appears to confer no benefit for lean body mass (LBM), and the benefits are not maintained in past users, suggesting caution when therapy is discontinued.
Older men and women taking whey-protein drinks show a load-dependent slowing of gastric emptying and altered gut hormone secretion compared with controls, a recent study has found. However, whey protein does not appear to suppress subsequent ad libitum energy intake.