The presence of frailty is associated with an elevated risk of subsequent incidence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and bone disease among adults infected with HIV, a study has shown. Moreover, an increase in frailty over 48 weeks is tied to a greater risk of death.
Serum-based renal biomarkers, particularly Cystatin C, appear to be predictive of cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS), reports a new study.
Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) administration concurrent with the initiation of intensive insulin therapy appears to reduce the required insulin doses in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes, a new study has found.
Use of canagliflozin, compared with a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonist, does not increase the risk for fracture in middle-aged patients with type 2 diabetes and relatively low fracture risk, according to a recent study.
Anaemia appears to be prevalent in patients with concurrent type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease, although the majority of cases are undiagnosed, a study reports. Inadequate treatment of the blood disorder is also common.
A dietary strategy of carbohydrate restriction proves superior to low-fat diets in terms of improving lipid markers in individuals with cardiometabolic risk, owing to its strong effects on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides, according to a meta-analysis.
Treatment with either vildagliptin or glibenclamide does not alter both the endothelial function and arterial stiffness in diabetic and hypertensive patients without cardiovascular disease, a study has shown.
Use of standard-dose aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) appears to confer protection against the risk of endometrial cancer in overweight and obese women, according to a meta-analysis.
Less than 15 percent of Singaporean adolescents get the recommended 8–10 hours of sleep on a school night, reports a recent study, noting that such short sleep duration is linked to symptoms of depression, overweight or obesity, and poorer self-rated health.
Obstructive sleep apnoea may increase the risk of male-pattern baldness in men with a family history of hair loss, and this association appears to be mediated by low serum transferrin saturation levels related to hypoxia, a study suggests.