A dietitian-provided individualized nutrition therapy (INT) provides a greater impact on glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), weight and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol compared with dietary advice given by other health professionals, a recent study has shown.
Pomegranate polyphenols in beverages, but not in supplements, help lower the postprandial glycaemic response of bread, suggests a study. Additionally, microbial metabolites from pomegranate polyphenols may further modulate sugar metabolism much later in the postprandial period.
Skipping breakfast may contribute to better insulin signalling, according to a recent study, which shows that expression of the IRS2 gene, involved in insulin signalling, is upregulated in both lean and obese individuals following a 6-week morning fasting programme.
The use of masculinizing hormone therapy in female-to-male (FTM) transgenders is not likely to lead to significant changes in bone mineral density (BMD), but in male-to-female (MTF) individuals, the use of feminizing hormone therapy may result in an increase in BMD at the lumbar spine, a recent study has found.
The high-concentration capsaicin patch shows promise in the management of painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN), with an effect that is similar to that observed with oral agents but offering systemic tolerability benefits, according to a network meta-analysis.