Nondiabetic renal disease (NDRD) in patients with diabetes is frequently caused by nephroangiosclerosis, and the risk of NDRD is high in the absence of diabetic retinopathy and in elderly patients with microhaematuria, as reported in a recent study. However, compared with NDRD, diabetic nephropathy (DN) is associated with worse renal prognosis and higher mortality.
Higher concentrations of distinct ceramide species, known to be linked to adverse metabolic health, are associated with cumulative sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption that contributes to the development of cardiometabolic diseases, suggests a study.
Impaired fasting glucose appears to be a stronger risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) than metabolic syndrome (MetS), reports a new Japan study. The coexistence of the two factors confers the highest T2DM risk.
A robust association exists between improvements in carbohydrate quality index (CQI) and concurrent favourable cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor changes maintained over time in overweight/obese adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS), according to a study.
A new noninvasive risk score―incorporating factors such as waist circumference, age, sex, and histories of hyperglycaemia and diabetes in the family― reliably identifies those at high dysglycaemia risk, reports a new Saudi Arabia study.
Testosterone treatment may slightly improve sexual functioning and quality of life in men without underlying organic causes of hypogonadism, but it offers little to no benefit for other common symptoms of ageing, according to a study. In addition, long-term efficacy and safety of this therapy remain unknown.
Use of the feminizing hormone therapy medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) results in minimal side effects, unchanged oestradiol levels and a decline in testosterone in a cohort of transwomen, a study has found.