ectopic%20pregnancy
ECTOPIC PREGNANCY
Ectopic pregnancy happens when the fertilized ovum implants outside the endometrial lining of the uterus.
Accurate early diagnosis is life-saving, reduces invasive diagnostic procedures & allows conservative treatment that can preserve fertility.
Ectopic pregnancy must be excluded in women of reproductive age w/ a positive pregnancy test, abdominal pain & vaginal bleeding.
Ruptured ectopic pregnancy remains to be the leading cause of maternal mortality in the first trimester.
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  3. Barnhart KT. Clinical practice. Ectopic pregnancy. N Engl J Med. 2009 Jul;361(4):379-387. http://navyemergencymedicine.com. Accessed 11 Feb 2013. PMID: 19625718
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  13. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 94. Medical management of ectopic pregnancy. http://www.samer.org.ar. Jun 2008. Accessed 11 Feb 2013.
  14. Chi TJ. Pregnancy, ectopic. eMedicine. http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed 11 Feb 2013.
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  20. Practice Committee of American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Medical treatment of ectopic pregnancy: a committee opinion. Fertil Steril. 2013 Sep;100(3):638-644. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2013.06.013. Accessed 25 Apr 2014. PMID: 23849842
  21. Elson CJ, Salim R, Potdar N, et al on behalf of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Diagnosis and management of ectopic pregnancy: Green-top guideline no. 21. BJOG. 2016 Dec;123(13):e15-e55. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.14189. PMID: 27813249
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