dysmenorrhea%20-%20primary
DYSMENORRHEA - PRIMARY
Primary dysmenorrhea is a painful menstruation without demonstrable pelvic disease.
Symptoms include intermittent painful spasms, crampy labor-like pain localized over the lower abdomen and the suprapubic area which may radiate to the lower back or inner thighs.
The pain may also be described as a dull ache or as a stabbing pain.
Accompanying symptoms include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, lightheadedness, fatigue, fever, muscle cramps, nervousness and fainting.

Dysmenorrhea%20-%20primary Patient Education

Patient Education

Patient (and Parents) Education

  • Explain to the patient the nature of her dysmenorrhea and give her a chance to ask questions regarding her anatomy
  • Provide reassurance that dysmenorrhea is a treatable condition and explain the treatment options
  • Motivate patient to adopt healthy lifestyle changes (eg stop smoking, exercise regularly, adopt a low-fat vegetarian diet, do relaxation techniques)
    • Explain that these modifications may decrease painful periods
  • Counsel patients on their treatments and compliance
    • Educate patients about the side effects of each treatment so they may report if there is any appearance of undesirable side effects
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
01 Sep 2020
Acute diarrhoea is the second leading cause of deathin children aged younger than 5 years, accounting forapproximately 1.9 million deaths worldwide each year;however, diarrhoea is a preventable and treatable condition.In Malaysia, acute gastroenteritis accounts for about 1.3%of all deaths in children aged younger than 5 years annually.Diarrhoea is defined as the passage of three or more looseor watery stools within 24 hours, and it may be clinicallycategorised as either acute watery diarrhoea (AWD), acutebloody diarrhoea, persistent diarrhoea or diarrhoea withsevere malnutrition.