dysmenorrhea%20-%20primary
DYSMENORRHEA - PRIMARY
Primary dysmenorrhea is a painful menstruation without demonstrable pelvic disease.
Symptoms include intermittent painful spasms, crampy labor-like pain localized over the lower abdomen and the suprapubic area which may radiate to the lower back or inner thighs.
The pain may also be described as a dull ache or as a stabbing pain.
Accompanying symptoms include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, lightheadedness, fatigue, fever, nervousness and fainting.

Patient Education

Patient (and Parents) Education

  • Explain to the patient the nature of her dysmenorrhea and give her a chance to ask questions regarding her anatomy
  • Provide reassurance that dysmenorrhea is a treatable condition and explain the treatment options
  • Motivate patient to adopt healthy lifestyle changes (eg stop smoking, exercise regularly, adopt a low-fat vegetarian diet, do relaxation techniques)
    • Explain that these modifications may decrease painful periods
  • Counsel patients on their treatments
    • Educate patients about the side effects of each treatment so they may report if there is any appearance of undesirable side effects
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