Dry eye syndrome is a clinical condition wherein the patient experiences ocular and conjunctival irritation due to decreased tear production and/or excessive tear evaporation.
It is associated with increased osmolarity of the tear film and inflammation of the ocular surface.

Goal of treatments are to relieve symptoms of patients, to improve visual acuity & quality of life of patients, to restore ocular surface & tear film to normal homeostatic state and to correct the underlying defect.

Surgical Intervention

  • Reserved for patients w/ severe dry eye
  • May include:
    • Lid procedures (permanent punctal closure, tarsorrhaphy)
    • Conjunctival procedures (Gunderson flap, conjunctival transplantation, amniotic membrane transplant, free conjunctival graft, stem cell replacement)
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