Treatment Guideline Chart

Dry eye syndrome is a clinical condition wherein the patient experiences ocular and conjunctival irritation due to decreased tear production and/or excessive tear evaporation.
It is associated with increased osmolarity of the tear film and inflammation of the ocular surface.

Goals of treatment are to relieve symptoms of patients, to improve visual acuity and quality of life of patients, to restore ocular surface and tear film to normal homeostatic state and to correct the underlying defect.

Dry%20eye%20syndrome Management

Follow Up

  • The patient is advised to follow up in order to assess their response to therapy, if there is a need to alter or adjust the treatment and to monitor structural ocular damage, as well as to provide reassurance
  • Frequency and extent of follow-up will depend on the severity of the disease, therapeutic approach and response to therapy

Counselling and Referral

  • Clinicians should provide their patients with proper instructions for their therapeutic regimens, as well as caution them about LASIK, as this may worsen their dry eye condition
    • May refer their patients to an appropriate specialist if there are other causes or underlying conditions that would contribute to having dry eye 
  • Patients should be educated about the chronic nature of the disease and its process
    • Their compliance, understanding of the disease and risks for structural changes should periodically be reassessed
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