Diverticulitis is the acute inflammation of the diverticulum or saclike protrusion from the wall of the intestines caused by injury and bacterial proliferation.
Abdominal pain is usually localized to the left lower quadrant, is abrupt, steady, severe and worsens over time.
Other signs and symptoms are fever, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, and altered bowel movements especially constipation but may also present with diarrhea or tenesmus.
Noninclusion of antibiotics in the management of uncomplicated acute diverticulitis is feasible and fairly safe, with long-term follow-up data from the DIABOLO study showing that such a strategy does not result in increased incidence of complicated or recurrent diverticulitis or sigmoid resections over 2 years.
Chronic pancreatitis patients taking antioxidants (AO) supplementation show a sustained increase in blood levels of AO, but no additional benefit is seen on endocrine and exocrine functions, markers of fibrosis, oxidative stress (OS) and inflammation, nutritional status, pain, and quality of life (QOL) when compared with those on placebo, according to a study.
Children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) do not appear to have an elevated risk of lymphoma following treatment with anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) agents, according to a study presented at the recent Crohn’s and Colitis Congress 2020.
A diet low in fat and high in fibre seems well tolerated in patients with ulcerative colitis, not contributing to increased inflammation while significantly increasing populations of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, according to a study presented at the 2020 Crohn's & Colitis Congress.
Donor selection for faecal microbiota transplant (FMT) can make a difference to maintenance of long-term remission in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), reveals a study presented at the 2020 Crohn's & Colitis Congress (CCC).