diabetic%20retinopathy
DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
Diabetic retinopathy is an abnormality of the microvasculature of the retina that occurs to almost all patients with chronic diabetes mellitus.
It is one of the leading cause of blindness worldwide and principal cause of impaired vision in patients aged 25-75 years of age.
The abnormality causes microaneurysms, retinal hemorrhages, lipid exudates, macular edema & neovascular vessel growth that may lead to blindness.

Patient Education

  • Educate patients on how to recognize visual symptoms (eg vision changes, floaters, distortion, redness, pain) that could be manifestations of disease progression & consult their ophthalmologist immediately when they occur
  •  Advise DM patients to
    • Have strict glycemic control as risk of developing DR at 10 yrs is higher in those w/ FBS of 10 mg/dL & HbA1c >7%
    • Be compliant w/ anti-hypertensive drugs to maintain blood pressure systolic BP <130 mmHg
    • Control serum lipid levels w/ proper diet & to prescribed antidyslipidemic medications
    • Have regular eye exam
    • Exercise regularly
    • Avoid alcohol intake & smoking
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