diabetes%20mellitus
DIABETES MELLITUS
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a heterogenous metabolic disorder characterized by the presence of hyperglycemia with carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism disturbance which results from defects in either insulin secretion or action.
Patients with DM usually present with polyuria, polydipsia and unexplained weight loss.
Type 1 DM is caused by beta cell destruction which leads to complete insulin deficiency. It may be immune mediated or idiopathic.
Patients may present with ketoacidosis or acute onset of hyperglycemia while other patients may resemble type 2 DM or symptoms of other autoimmune disorders.
Type 2 DM is the most common form of diabetes. It is secondary to defect in insulin secretion concomitant with insulin resistance.
Majority of patients are asymptomatic. Ketoacidosis is uncommon and is usually secondary to stress (eg infection).
Drug Information

Indication: NIDDM (type 2) in adults when dietary measures, physical exercise & wt loss alone are not sufficient to co...

Indication: Adjunct to diet & exercise to improve glycaemic control in adults ≥18 yr w/ type 2 DM as monotherapy; a...

Indication: Type 2 DM in adult particularly in overwt patients when dietary management & exercise alone does not resul...

Glyxambi
empagliflozin + linagliptin

Indication: Adjunct to diet & exercise to improve glycemic control in adults w/ type 2 DM when treatment w/ both empag...

Indication: Initial therapy in type 2 DM when diet & exercise do not provide adequate glycemic control. Adjunct to die...

Indication: Type 2 DM as monotherapy in patients inadequately controlled by diet & exercise alone & for whom metfo...

Indication: Adjunct to diet & exercise to improve glycaemic control in adult patients w/ type 2 DM when treatment w/ b...

Lusefi
luseogliflozin hydrate

Indication: Monotherapy or add-on combination therapy w/ sulfonylurea in adult patients w/ type 2 DM.

Indication: Neuropathic pain in adults. Adjunctive therapy in adults w/ partial seizures w/ or w/o secondary generalisatio...

Qtern
dapagliflozin + saxagliptin

Indication: Type 2 DM inadequately controlled on metformin alone or when already treated w/ fixed-dose combination in adul...

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Roshini Claire Anthony, 14 Nov 2019

Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and severe obesity may have a greater chance of complete T2D remission 1 year after gastric bypass rather than sleeve gastrectomy, according to results of the Oseberg* trial.

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Dr Joslyn Ngu, 19 Jun 2018

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