diabetes%20insipidus
DIABETES INSIPIDUS
Diabetes insipidus is a polyuric disease characterized by excretion of a large volume of hypotonic urine and hypernatremia. It is due to the absence of antidiuretic hormone.
Central (hypothalamic or neurohypophyseal) diabetes insipidus is the inability to secrete & produce vasopressin in the neurohypophyseal system. It is due to damage to the pituitary gland & hypothalamus, may be due to diseases, head injuries, neurosurgery, infection or genetic or autoimmune disorders.
In nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, there is inappropriate renal response to vasopressin. Kidney function may be impaired by drugs & by chronic disorders like polycystic kidney disease, sickle cell disease, kidney failure, partial ureteral block, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, low protein diet & genetic disorders.
Primary polydipsia have abnormal increase in fluid intake.
  1. Baylis PH, Cheetham T. Diabetes insipidus. Arch Dis Child. 1998 Jul;79(1):84-89. PMID: 9771260
  2. Loh JA, Verbalis JG. Disorders of water and salt metabolism associated with pituitary disease. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2008 Mar;37(1):213-234. PMID: 18226738
  3. Saboria P, Tipton GA, Chan JCM. Diabetes insipidus. Pediatr Rev. 2000 Apr;21(14):122-129. PMID: 10756175
  4. Baylis PH. Hypothalamus and pituitary. Comprehensive clinical endocrinology. 3rd ed. London: Mosby; 2002
  5. Larsen PR, Kronenberg HM, et al/Kronenberg HM, Melmed S, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, eds. William's Textbook of Endocrinology. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier; 2003:289-300
  6. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Endocrinology/15/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Endocrinology.xml
  7. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
  8. Cooperman M. Diabetes Insipidus. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/117648-overview. Nov 2003
  9. Chan JCM, Roth K. Pediatric Diabetes Insipidus. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/919886-overview. Nov 2001
  10. Bichet DG. Treatment of central diabetes insipidus. UpToDate. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-central-diabetes-insipidus. Sep 2013.
  11. Bichet DG. Treatment of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. UpToDate. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-nephrogenic-diabetes-insipidus. Nov 2013.
  12. Robinson AG, Verbalis JG. Posterior pituitary. In: Melmed S, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, et al, eds. William’s Textbook of Endocrinology. 12th edition. Philadelphia; 2011:291-323.
  13. John CA, Day MW. Central neurogenic diabetes insipidus, syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone, and cerebral salt-wasting syndrome in traumatic brain injury. Crit Care Nurse. 2012 Apr;32(2):e1-7. doi: 10.4037/ccn2012904. PMID: 22467619
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Endocrinology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 20 Apr 2018
The investigational oral synthetic androgen dimethandrolone undecanoate (DMAU) suppresses serum testosterone levels to near castrate levels and appears safe when taken once daily for a month, showing potential as a male contraceptive pill, according to a study.
02 Aug 2018
Men and women who regularly eat seafood appear to have higher sexual intercourse frequency (SIF) and fecundity in a large prospective cohort of couples attempting pregnancy, suggests a study.
08 Oct 2018
Plasma trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) concentrations are positively associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to the findings of a phase II study.
12 Apr 2018
In the context of low-glycaemic index (GI) dietary patterns, eating pasta does not contribute to adiposity and may even reduce body weight and body mass index (BMI) compared with higher-GI dietary patterns, a recent study has found.