The prevalence of allergic diseases in the Asia-Pacific region is expected to rise over the next 20 years, driven by rapid economic development and urbanization. Allergic diseases have high socioeconomic impact by impairing productivity and quality of life, and the impact may be greater in Asia-Pacific than in Europe due to the presence and predominance of perennial allergens.
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that
can present in many different forms. However, it is principally
characterized by dry skin, intense itching, and the presence of
inflammatory skin lesions. [J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
2016;30:604-618; N Engl J Med 2008;358:1483-1494; Lancet
At the 42nd Annual Dermatology Conference 2017 held recently in Kuala Lumpur, Professor Michael J. Cork spoke on the interaction between genetic and environmental factors as a primary event in the development of atopic dermatitis (AD) and highlighted the role of topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCIs) in the management of AD.
The prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) in industrialized countries has increased exponentially over the past three decades, currently affecting 15 to 30% of children and up to 10% of adults.1 At the recent official launch event of pimecrolimus (Elidel®, Meda Healthcare Sdn. Bhd.) held at Le Méridien Kuala Lumpur, Professor Thomas Luger provided insights on the pathophysiology of AD and the role of topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCIs) in the management of AD.
All patients with acne are potentially at risk of scarring. Professor Goh Chee Leok addresses this issue by focussing on preventing the development of scars in his talk at the 41st Annual Meeting of the Dermatological Society of Malaysia held in Kuching, Sarawak.
During the 41st Annual Dermatology Conference held in Kuching, Sarawak, Professor Steven R. Feldman updated the participants on the latest in topical treatment of psoriasis. Highlights from the presentation are summarized below.
At the 7th Galderma Skin Day, leading dermatologists, Dr Najeeb Ahmad Mohd Safdar of Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar, Seremban and Dr Derrick Aw of the National University Hospital, Singapore, presented on managing atopic dermatitis and hand eczema, with a special focus on Cetaphil® Restoraderm (Galderma) and the newly launched Nutraplus® (Galderma).
At the 7th Galderma Skin Day, renowned dermatologists, Dr Derrick Aw of the National University Hospital, Singapore and Dr Chan Lee Chin of Penang Hospital, shared practice pearls on managing melasma and acne.
Dr. Ch’ng Chin Chwen, Prof. Maria Teresita Gabriel, 20161017023629
A 42-year-old Pakistani female consulted for spontaneously occurring generalized wheals of 6 months duration. She noticed that the wheals mostly appeared on her upper body and were erythematous, painful, pruritic, and unsightly.
Taking the oral extract product of the fern Polypodium leucotomos (PLE) on top of the standard topical hydroquinone cream and sunscreen reduces the severity of melasma to a greater extent compared with the standard treatment alone in Asian patients, a pilot study has shown.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are common, with rates of many infections increasing over the last two decades.1 Community screening studies in the UK have shown a prevalence of about 10% for chlamydial infection2 and (among women screened in an urban setting) 3% for gonorrhoea.3 In women (Figure 1), these potentially serious infections are often asymptomatic, whereas the presence of symptoms such as vaginal discharge generally indicates a less pathogenic (but still potentially debilitating) infection, with an organism such as Candida. STIs are often multiple, and the finding of one infection should prompt consideration of testing for others. Many sexual health services now initially provide screening tests for asymptomatic women, but a more comprehensive assessment—comprising detailed history4 and genital examination5—is usually necessary when symptoms are present.
High use of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) appears to significantly increase the risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), particularly squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), suggests a recent study. Use of other diuretic and antihypertensive medications does not appear to be linked to NMSC.