Croup is a viral infection that causes erythema and edema of the tracheal walls and narrowing of the subglottic region. It is often characterized by an acute, rapidly progressing respiratory disease.
It is a medical emergency in children and requiring immediate treatment.
Most common causes are parainfluenza virus 1&2 and respiratory syncytial virus.
Occurrence of symptoms is usually at night and with abrupt onset and improve during daytime.
A large observational study from Denmark has suggested that a repeat SARS-CoV-2 infection is rare following a prior infection. However, older aged individuals may be less protected following a prior SARS-CoV-2 infection than their younger counterparts.
The recurrent waves of the COVID-19 pandemic are having a significant impact on healthcare workers, and Medical Protection has called for more to be done globally to ensure that medical professionals have quick access to mental wellbeing support.