Croup is a viral infection that causes erythema and edema of the tracheal walls and narrowing of the subglottic region. It is often characterized by an acute, rapidly progressing respiratory disease.
It is a medical emergency in children and requiring immediate treatment.
Most common causes are parainfluenza virus 1&2 and respiratory syncytial virus.
Occurrence of symptoms is usually at night and with abrupt onset and improve during daytime.
The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne. Clinical Practice guidelines: croup (laryngotracheobronchitis). The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne Web Site. http://www.rch.org.au/clinicalguide/guideline_index/Croup_Laryngotracheobronchitis/. Apr 2011. Accessed 29 Apr 2014.
Muniz A. Croup: treatment & management. eMedicine Web Site. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/962972-treatment. Jun 2015. Accessed 19 Jul 2010.
Alberta Clinical Practice Guideline Working Group. Guideline for the diagnosis and management of croup. Alberta Medical Association Web Site. http://www.topalbertadoctors.org/download/252/croup_guideline.pdf. Jan 2008. Accessed 19 Jul 2010.
Woods CR. Croup: pharmacologic and supportive interventions. UptoDate Web Site. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/croup-pharmacologic-and-supportive-interventions?source=search_result&search=croup&selectedTitle=3~55. Jan 2014. Accessed 29 Apr 2014.
Mazza D, Wilkinson F, Turner T, Harris C; Health for Kids Guideline Development Group. Evidence based guideline for the management of croup. Aust Fam Physician. 2008 Jun;37(6 Spec No):14-20. http://www.racgp.org.au/afpbackissues/2008/200806/200806supplementcroup.pdf. PMID: 19142265
Petrocheilou A, Tanou K, Kalampouka E, Malakasioti G, Giannios C, Kaditis AG. Viral croup: diagnosis and a treatment algorithm. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2014 May;49(5):421-429. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ppul.22993/pdf. PMID: 24596395