croup
CROUP
Croup is a viral infection that causes erythema and edema of the tracheal walls and narrowing of the subglottic region. It is often characterized by an acute, rapidly progressing respiratory disease.
It is a medical emergency in children and requiring immediate treatment.
Most common causes are parainfluenza virus 1&2 and respiratory syncytial virus.
Occurrence of symptoms is usually at night and with abrupt onset and improve during daytime.
  1. Cherry JD. Clinical Practice: Croup. N Engl J Med. 2008 Jan;358(4):384-391. http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMcp072022. Accessed 19 Jul 2010. PMID: 18216359
  2. Fitzgerald DA, Kilham HA. Croup: assessment and evidence-based management. Med J Aust. 2003 Oct;179(7):372-377. https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2003/179/7/croup-assessment-and-evidence-based-management. Accessed 19 Jul 2010. PMID: 14503904
  3. Russell K, Wiebe N, Saenz A, et al. Glucocorticoids for croup. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(1):CD001955. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD001955.pub2/pdf. PMID: 14973975
  4. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
  5. The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne. Clinical Practice guidelines: croup (laryngotracheobronchitis). The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne Web Site. http://www.rch.org.au/clinicalguide/guideline_index/Croup_Laryngotracheobronchitis/. Apr 2011. Accessed 29 Apr 2014.
  6. Muniz A. Croup: treatment & management. eMedicine Web Site. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/962972-treatment. Jun 2015. Accessed 19 Jul 2010.
  7. Alberta Clinical Practice Guideline Working Group. Guideline for the diagnosis and management of croup. Alberta Medical Association Web Site. http://www.topalbertadoctors.org/download/252/croup_guideline.pdf. Jan 2008. Accessed 19 Jul 2010.
  8. Woods CR. Croup: pharmacologic and supportive interventions. UptoDate Web Site. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/croup-pharmacologic-and-supportive-interventions?source=search_result&search=croup&selectedTitle=3~55. Jan 2014. Accessed 29 Apr 2014.
  9. Mazza D, Wilkinson F, Turner T, Harris C; Health for Kids Guideline Development Group. Evidence based guideline for the management of croup. Aust Fam Physician. 2008 Jun;37(6 Spec No):14-20. http://www.racgp.org.au/afpbackissues/2008/200806/200806supplementcroup.pdf. PMID: 19142265
  10. Petrocheilou A, Tanou K, Kalampouka E, Malakasioti G, Giannios C, Kaditis AG. Viral croup: diagnosis and a treatment algorithm. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2014 May;49(5):421-429. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ppul.22993/pdf. PMID: 24596395
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Respirology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
21 Feb 2019
Obesity, low cardiorespiratory fitness and their combination strongly correlated with chronic disability later in life owing to a wide range of diseases and causes, suggests a recent study.
08 Sep 2019
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who feel lonely and socially isolated are more likely to visit the emergency department (ED), with their perceived health status being poor, a study has shown.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 18 Dec 2018

Early initiation of the antimicrobial combination of ceftolozane and tazobactam may improve outcomes in patients with multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections, according to results of a US-based study.

Tristan Manalac, 05 Sep 2019
Radiation heart dosimetric parameters appear to exert neutral effect on overall survival (OS) in nonsmall cell lung cancer patients undergoing postoperative thoracic radiotherapy (PORT), according to a recent Singapore study.