Contact dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin that can be acute or chronic that manifests as eczematous dermatitis due to exposure to substances in the environment.
Allergic contact dermatitis is an immunologic cell-mediated skin reaction to exposure to antigenic substances.
The lesions initially appear on the cutaneous site of principal exposure then may spread to other more distant sites due to contact or autosensitization. Lesions are typically asymmetrical and unilateral.
Specific signs and symptoms will depend on the duration, location, degree of sensitivity and concentration of allergens. The patch test shows reaction to allergen.
Irritant contact dermatitis is a non-immunologic skin reaction to skin irritants.
It is often localized to areas of thin skin eg eyelids, intertriginous areas.
Airborne contact dermatitis is more prevalent among patients with occupational dermatitis than those with non-occupational dermatitis, based on a retrospective analysis of data from the Information Network of Departments of Dermatology.
Tea tree oil extracted from the leaves of Melaluca tree possesses excellent medicinal benefits due to its antimicrobial, antiviral, balsamic, cicatrisant, expectorant, insecticidal, antiseptic, stimulant, and sudoforic features, a review stated.
Miconazole ointment shows efficacy and good tolerability in neonates and infants with diaper dermatitis complicated by cutaneous candidiasis, based on a prospective, multicentre, open-label, long-term, phase IV study.
Clobetasone 0.05% (Eumovate cream) attains better anti-inflammatory and moisturising effect than hydrocortisone 1% cream for nickel-induced skin inflammation, based on a single-centre, double-blind, intra-individual, comparative study.
The treatment armamentarium of atopic dermatitis (AD) includes pharmaceuticals like emollients, topical corticosteroids, and topical calcineurin inhibitors. Recently available, medical devices are a newer class of topical, non-steroidal, semi-solid formulation for the treatment of AD and touted to possess emollient, anti-inflammatory, and anti-pruritic properties. To determine the role of medical devices in flare and remission management in AD, a panel of local experts from the field of dermatology, paediatric dermatology, and allergy convened to review the available evidence and highlights of the meeting are reported here.