Constipation is an unsatisfactory defecation distinguished by difficult stool passage, infrequent stools or both.
Difficult stool passage may include straining, feeling of difficulty in passing stool, incomplete evacuation, lumpy/hard stools, prolonged time to defecate, need for manual maneuver to pass stool, abdominal discomfort and feeling of anorectal blockade.
Chronic constipation is considered when symptoms of constipation have existed ≥3 months.
Symptoms of chronic constipation may be due to dysfunction of intestinal motility, visceral sensitivity, anorectal musculature or the enteric nervous system.
Noninclusion of antibiotics in the management of uncomplicated acute diverticulitis is feasible and fairly safe, with long-term follow-up data from the DIABOLO study showing that such a strategy does not result in increased incidence of complicated or recurrent diverticulitis or sigmoid resections over 2 years.
Postoperative delirium (POD) may be a common occurrence in older patients following gastrointestinal (GI) surgery, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis, highlighting the need for physicians to identify patients at risk and come up with tailored interventions for POD.