Colorectal cancer is a carcinoma arising from the luminal surface of the colon.
It is the 2nd most common cancer in women and third most common cancer in male worldwide. It commonly arises from adenomatous polyps.
It is strongly linked to age with 83% occurring in people ≥60 years old.
Rectal cancer is defined as cancerous lesions located within 12 cm of the anal verge.
The plant alkaloid berberine effectively reduces the risk of recurrent colorectal adenoma in individuals who had recently undergone polypectomy, according to a study — thus providing a potential option for chemoprevention of adenoma.
Primary tumour resection (PTR) prior to a chemotherapy regimen does not improve survival outcomes in patients with asymptomatic unresectable stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC), according to the phase III JCOG1007* trial.
Individuals with ulcerative colitis (UC) appear to be at an elevated risk of developing and dying from colorectal cancer (CRC), despite often presenting at an earlier stage of CRC than those without UC, a recent study showed.
A personalized surveillance strategy according to risk stratification appears to be safe in the management of patients with serrated polyposis syndrome, reducing colonoscopy burden without risking an increased colorectal cancer incidence, a recent study has shown.
Reducing the dose of regorafenib did little to affect the overall tolerability of the drug in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), according to the phase II REARRANGE* trial presented at ESMO GI 2019.
A triple-drug combination therapy comprising encorafenib, binimetinib, and cetuximab significantly improved survival compared with the current standard of care chemotherapy in patients with BRAF V600E-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who had failed one or two prior treatments, according to the BEACON CRC study presented at the recent ESMO World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer (ESMO GI).
Adding high-dose vitamin D3 to standard chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) may confer potential benefit to previously untreated patients in terms of progression-free survival (PFS) compared with supplemental standard-dose vitamin D3, suggests the phase II SUNSHINE* study.
Elderly, vulnerable patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) experienced longer progression-free survival (PFS) and fewer toxicities with a reduced-dose combination chemotherapy regimen of S-1 and oxaliplatin compared with full-dose S-1 monotherapy, the phase II NORDIC9* trial showed.
People who take aspirin or direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) regularly may be more likely to get false positive results on a faecal immunochemical testing (FIT) used for screening advanced adenomas and colorectal cancer (CRC), a recent study finds.
Reductions in liver fat and adipose tissue volumes were sustained in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with the addition of the SGLT-2* inhibitor dapagliflozin (DAPA) and the DPP-4** inhibitor saxagliptin (SAXA) to metformin (MET), compared with a regimen comprising glimepiride (GLIM)+MET, according to the extension period results of a phase IIIb trial.