Colorectal cancer is a carcinoma arising from the luminal surface of the colon.
It is the 2nd most common cancer in women and third most common cancer in male worldwide. It commonly arises from adenomatous polyps.
It is strongly linked to age with 83% occurring in people ≥60 years old.
Rectal cancer is defined as cancerous lesions located within 12 cm of the anal verge.
While any colorectal cancer (CRC) screening strategy proves more cost-effective compared with no screening, double immunochemical faecal occult blood test appears to be the most economical, according to a study from China.
Obese patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) may be receiving lower cumulative doses of chemotherapy than non-obese patients which may impact their survival outcomes, according to results of a study from the OCTOPUS consortium.
In patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), the addition of anlotinib to best supportive care did not confer overall survival (OS) benefit, though there was improvement in progression-free survival (PFS), according to results of the phase III ALTER0703 trial presented at ASCO GI 2021.
A faecal immunochemical test (FIT) is able to accurately rule out colorectal cancer (CRC) and is as sensitive as colonoscopy, the current gold standard for CRC diagnosis, the NICE* FIT study has shown.
Several strategies have been proposed to help manage the adverse events (AEs) that emerged during the BEACON CRC trial which assessed the effect of encorafenib plus cetuximab in patients with BRAF V600E mutant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who had progressed after one or two prior regimens.
Sorafenib appears to be well-tolerated in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), with the subgroup of Child-Pugh B patients having a shorter treatment duration and higher serious adverse event (SAE) incidence, according to the results of a subgroup analysis of GIDEON*.
Recently, randomized controlled trials and guidelines have brought to light the benefits of extending the duration of H. pylori treatment. Below are summaries of guidelines and trials examining the regimens used to manage the infection.