Clostridium difficile infection is commonly associated with antibiotic treatment and is one of the most common nosocomial infections.
Symptoms usually start on days 4-9 of antibiotic treatment, but may also occur up to 8-10 weeks after discontinuation of antibiotics.
Discontinuation of antibiotics may be the only measure needed for patients with only mild diarrhea, no fever, no abdominal pain nor a high WBC count.
Cessation of antibiotics allows for reconstitution of the normal colonic microflora and markedly reduces risk of relapse.
New endoscopic technologies have improved outcomes for patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), according to Professor James Lau from the Chinese University of Hong Kong, who reviewed current treatment practices and latest advances at the Asian Pacific Digestive Week (APDW) 2017 held recently in Hong Kong.
Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) appear to have significantly altered gut mucosal mitochondrial function compared with controls and other children with nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms, a recent study shows.
Serum albumin appears to be useful in predicting early mortality in Asian patients with severe hypoxic hepatitis, with low baseline levels entailing a fivefold increase in risk of death, as shown in a Singapore study.