Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an inflammatory respiratory disease characterized by reversible airflow limitation.

The patient usually have chronic cough, sputum production or dyspnea with or without history of risk factors for the disease.

The chronic airflow limitation is caused by a combination of small airways disease and parenchymal destruction.

It is a preventable & treatable disease.

Surgical Intervention

  • Surgery may be considered in patients who have large bullae, or have severe COPD w/ marked functional impairment in spite of maximal medical treatment
  • Surgical procedures for COPD include the following:
    • Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR)
    • Bullectomy
    • Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS)
    • Lung transplantation
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