Using point-of-care testing (POCT) of C-reactive protein (CRP) to guide antibiotic prescribing in primary care clinics led to reduced antibiotic use for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) without compromising clinical outcomes, the PACE* study finds.
Use inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was associated with a significantly reduced risk of developing lung cancer compared with patients without ICS exposure, according to data from the CORE* study.
A 3-month treatment course of low-dose azithromycin for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder appears to safely reduce treatment failure by preventing transfer to intensive care or readmission for respiratory causes, according to a posthoc analysis of the BACE* trial presented at the American Thoracic Society (ATS) 2019 International Conference.
Influenza vaccination effectively reduced the risk of influenza-related hospitalizations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) compared with those who were not vaccinated, according to a study presented at ATS 2019.
Aside from improving exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary rehabilitation also yields reductions in anxiety and depression symptoms, according to the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Long-acting beta2-agonist (LABA) plus long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) combinations compare with inhalers containing both LABA and corticosteroid (LABA-ICS) in terms of reducing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations, although the LAMA-LABA combination is more favourable as it is associated with fewer episodes of severe pneumonia, according to a study.
Vitamin D supplements can help reduce the rate of moderate-to-severe COPD* exacerbations in patients with inadequate vitamin D levels (<25 nmol/L) at baseline, but not in those with higher levels, according to a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs).