Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) intervention delivered by respiratory nurses is effective in reducing anxiety symptoms and utilisation of healthcare resources in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), thus providing a cost-effective strategy for treating anxiety — a symptom often comorbid with COPD, according to a study.
Long-term consumption of fruits, but not vegetables, appears to be associated with a reduced risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, according to data from the prospective Swedish Mammography Cohort study.
Adding targeted lung denervation to drug therapy more than halves the rate of adverse respiratory events compared with drug therapy alone in patients with persistent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to the AIRFLOW*-2 trial presented at ERS 2018.
A majority of health care professionals (HCPs) have poor knowledge of proper inhaler technique, which may prevent them from effectively teaching patients the correct use of inhalers that is important for effective therapy delivery, reveals a systematic review of 55 studies.
A recent study has enumerated the following features that characterize patients treated in the emergency department (ED) for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD): they commonly arrive by ambulance, have a high admission rate and have significant in-hospital mortality.
A combined triple therapy comprising fluticasone furoate (an ICS*), umeclidinium (a LAMA**), and vilanterol (a LABA***) in a single inhaler significantly lowers the rate of moderate or severe exacerbations compared with dual therapies of either ICS-LABA or LAMA-LABA in patients with symptomatic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and a history of exacerbations, the IMPACT# study shows.
Aclidinium bromide does not increase the risk of major adverse cardiac event (MACE) in patients with moderate-to-very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who also had significant cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, according to the phase IV ASCENT COPD* study presented at ATS 2018.
Long-term use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) at daily doses of ≥1,000 µg was associated with a modest but significant increase in nonvertebral fracture risk in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a real-world study.
The immediate reduction of cigarette nicotine content results in greater improvements in levels of smoke exposure biomarkers than gradual reduction, though withdrawal symptoms are stronger, according to a recent study.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), a noninvasive ventilation, may help improve respiratory rate and reduce mortality in children with respiratory distress, particularly in those younger than 1 year, a recent study showed. CPAP intervention was initiated by nurses with minimal physician supervision in the study, supporting the use of noninvasive ventilation in low-resource settings where laboratory diagnostic tests are not readily available.