Individuals with comorbidities in addition to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have an elevated risk of exacerbations, more so if the comorbidity is another chronic respiratory disease, according to a study from the Netherlands.
Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) during acute respiratory infection episodes may increase the risk of acute myocardial infarction (MI), a recent study from Taiwan shows.
Early consumption of energy (kilocalories per kilogram or grams of protein per kilogram) at recommended levels after acute lung injury (ALI) diagnosis predicts significantly higher hazards for mortality, while higher late energy intakes reduces mortality hazards, according to the results of the Intensive Nutrition in Acute Lung Injury Trial (INTACT).
Arformoterol tartrate may induce greater improvements in health status of patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) compared with placebo following 12 months of treatment, according to a planned analysis of a phase III trial.
A novel noninvasive respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP) monitor may provide instantaneous measures of breathing indices on a tablet computer, providing the data required for diagnosis and evaluation of the severity of a certain respiratory disorder and subsequent initiation of respective treatments, according to a study.
Lowering the dosage of aminoglycosides guided by therapeutic dose monitoring (TDM) may reduce aminoglycoside-related hearing loss, without compromising its efficacy against multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), a recent study suggests.
About one-third of individuals who had previously been diagnosed with asthma were tested negative for the condition upon current reassessment, of which many had their asthma medications safely stopped for another year, reveals a recent study, suggesting a need for reassessment of asthma diagnosis.
Mepolizumab shows promise in the treatment of severe eosinophilic asthma in Japanese patients, reducing clinically significant exacerbations while having a clinically acceptable safety profile, according to a posthoc analysis of the phase III MENSA trial.
The use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) appears to be safe and effective in improving oxygenation in infants who have undergone congenital cardiac surgery, according to a retrospective observational study.
Deploying specific questionnaires during routine medical examinations is an effective way of screening for and early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a new study reveals.