Patients w/ abnormal Pap smear are referred for colonoscopy to screen for presence of cervical cancer.
Colposcopic exam should include inspection of the transformation zone, definition of the extent of the lesion & biopsy of the most abnormal area for tissue diagnosis.
The earliest stages of cervical carcinoma are generally asymptomatic.
Watery vaginal discharge & postcoital bleeding or intermittent spotting may be present & are usually unrecognized by the patient.

Signs and Symptoms

  • The earliest stages of cervical carcinoma are generally asymptomatic
  • Watery vaginal discharge, postcoital or postmenopausal bleeding, intermittent spotting, or abdominal pain may be present and are usually unrecognized by the patient
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Asykin Ismail, Dr. Jazlan Joosoph, 3 days ago
Obstetrician and gynaecologist at Raffles Hospital, Dr Jazlan Joosoph, shares the lowdown on the condition, diagnosis and treatment options.
01 Dec 2014
Women who use nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation during pregnancy are less likely to have infants with developmental impairments 2 years after delivery, say UK-based researchers.
16 Dec 2016
ESMYA – Ulipristal acetate 5 mg tab – Zuellig Pharma