Patients w/ abnormal Pap smear are referred for colonoscopy to screen for presence of cervical cancer.
Colposcopic exam should include inspection of the transformation zone, definition of the extent of the lesion & biopsy of the most abnormal area for tissue diagnosis.
The earliest stages of cervical carcinoma are generally asymptomatic.
Watery vaginal discharge & postcoital bleeding or intermittent spotting may be present & are usually unrecognized by the patient.
Women have more cardiac risk factors than men, yet are more likely to be categorized as being at lower risk based on standard scoring test for cardiovascular risk, according to the PROMISE* study presented at the 65th American College of Cardiology (ACC) meeting. This highlights the need for sex-specific approaches to the diagnosis of heart disease.