Patients w/ abnormal Pap smear are referred for colonoscopy to screen for presence of cervical cancer.
Colposcopic exam should include inspection of the transformation zone, definition of the extent of the lesion & biopsy of the most abnormal area for tissue diagnosis.
The earliest stages of cervical carcinoma are generally asymptomatic.
Watery vaginal discharge & postcoital bleeding or intermittent spotting may be present & are usually unrecognized by the patient.
Rotavirus (RV) is highly contagious. Globally, 2 million children are hospitalized and more than 500,000 die annually from RV associated gastroenteritis. Therefore, vaccination is imperative for the prevention of RV infections.