Mortality due to cervical cancer can be reduced by prevention, early detection & treatment.
Vaccination may be started as early as 9 years old.
Vaccination may reduce the incidence of HPV-related disease.
Screening for cervical cancer after vaccination is still recommended because only 70% of the virus types associated w/ invasive cervical cancer consist of HPV 16 & 18 types & women may not be entirely protected if they have been infected w/ other HPV types prior to vaccination.
Receipt of an adjuvant human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine following surgical excision could reduce the risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+) recurrence, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis submitted for presentation at SGO 20/20.
Young Singaporean women are likely to get themselves immunized against human papillomavirus (HPV) with the motivation to protect their own health, positive information about the vaccine and parental encouragement, as reported in a recent qualitative study.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination significantly reduces the frequency of genital HPV 16 and 18 infections and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2+ (CIN2+) in young women and shows signs of herd effects with a reduced frequency of anogenital warts in both young women and men, a recent study showed.
It appears that women who tend to avoid Pap smear screening in Singapore are those who are younger, of Malay ethnicity and who lack confidence in the effectiveness of the procedure as a prevention measure against cervical cancer, a study reports.
Indication and demand for genetic testing have increased in recent years, with tests becoming more readily available and affordable, says a leading oncologist at ESMO Asia 2017, highlighting that appreciation of ethical, social, and legal implications of testing and proper test interpretation are important for optimal patient management.
Acute diarrhoea is the second leading cause of deathin children aged younger than 5 years, accounting forapproximately 1.9 million deaths worldwide each year;however, diarrhoea is a preventable and treatable condition.In Malaysia, acute gastroenteritis accounts for about 1.3%of all deaths in children aged younger than 5 years annually.Diarrhoea is defined as the passage of three or more looseor watery stools within 24 hours, and it may be clinicallycategorised as either acute watery diarrhoea (AWD), acutebloody diarrhoea, persistent diarrhoea or diarrhoea withsevere malnutrition.