Cellulitis is a spreading bacterial skin infection that infects deeply involving the subcutaneous tissues.
It typically occurs in areas where the skin integrity has been compromised.
It may also result from blood-borne spread of infection to the skin and subcutaneous tissues.
It is commonly caused by beta-hemolytic streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus.
Erysipelas is a type of cellulitis with margins that are sharply demarcated, involves the epidermis and superficial lymphatics.
Onset of symptoms is acute whereas cellulitis has an indolent course.
It is more commonly caused by beta-hemolytic streptococci.
While a 6-day course of flucloxacillin appeared as effective as a 12-day course in curing and reducing short-term risk of relapse among patients hospitalized for cellulitis, the 6-day course led to a greater risk of relapse at 90 days, according to a study from The Netherlands.
There is a high incidence of candidaemia and a substantial burden of comorbidities among neonates as confirmed in a recent nationwide epidemiologic study of paediatric candidaemia. An increasing proportion of nonalbicans species resistant to fluconazole has also been observed.