Cellulitis is an acute spreading skin infection that may go deep, involving the subcutaneous tissues.
It typically occurs in areas where the skin integrity has been compromised.
May result from blood-borne spread of infection to the skin and subcutaneous tissues.
It is commonly caused by beta-hemolytic streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus in adults and Haemophilus influenzae type B in patients <3 year of age.
Antibiotics has been administered unnecessarily to as many as one-third of children with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in hospitals in the Netherlands and Israel, according to a prospective international multicentre RSV study using an expert panel as reference standard to identify children with and without bacterial coinfection.
Antibiotic therapy in preterm, very low birth weight (VLBW) infants within the first 14 postnatal days increases the risk of subsequent late-onset sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) or death, a recent study has shown.