cellulitis_erysipelas%20(pediatric)
CELLULITIS/ERYSIPELAS (PEDIATRIC)
Cellulitis is an acute spreading skin infection that may go deep, involving the subcutaneous tissues.
It typically occurs in areas where the skin integrity has been compromised.
May result from blood-borne spread of infection to the skin and subcutaneous tissues.
It is commonly caused by beta-hemolytic streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus in adults and Haemophilus influenzae type B in patients <3 year of age.

Prevention

Prophylaxis

  • Preventive measures may be helpful in reducing recurrent skin infections
    • Staphylococcal infection: Oral Clindamycin
    • Beta-hemolytic streptococcal infection: Penicillin or Erythromycin for 4-52 weeks or Benzathine Penicillin intramuscular (IM) injections every 2-4 weeks
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