Despite risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) being similar around the world, the burden of CVD is not uniform across nations. Furthermore, CVD-related death in low- to middle-income countries (LMICs) has increased by two-thirds in the last 30 years, and now account for a whopping 80% of global deaths due to CVD.
Poor adherence to statin therapy is leaving many patients with dyslipidaemia at high risk of potentially life-threatening cardiovascular events. Statins are the current standard of care for reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease in these patients and for improving life expectancy, with possible economic benefits for healthcare systems too. However, many patients with dyslipidaemia are not achieving or maintaining treatment targets because they fail to stick to their prescribed statin therapy. An article co-authored by lipidologist Peter Lansberg, and published in Vascular Health and Risk Management, considers this issue and reviews approaches to overcome non-adherence.
At the Abbott-sponsored symposium held during the 9th Malaysian Endocrine and Metabolic Society Annual Congres sat Hilton Kuala Lumpur, Dr Zanariah Hussein shared her insights into the important role of an emerging marker of hypercholesterolaemia, and its relationship with cardiovascular (CV) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) risks.
Through a cardiology webcast co-hosted by Pfizer, the National Heart Association of Malaysia (NHAM), and the American College of Cardiology (ACC), Dr Ong Mei Lin, Dr Aaron D. Kugelmass and Dr Tracy Wang shared their insights into the importance of secondary prevention measures in reducing the burden of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD).
At the AstraZeneca-sponsored symposium held during the 9th Malaysian Endocrine and Metabolic Society Annual Congress at Hilton Kuala Lumpur, Professor Ronald Ma highlighted the role of a novel combination therapy in reducing HbA1c levels while simultaneously providing cardiovascular (CV) protection to improve patient outcomes.
Dr. Robert Giugliano, Prof. Ulrich Laufs, Prof. Gaetano De Ferrari, Prof. Naveed Sattar, 20181011035429
The FOURIER trial previously demonstrated that adding the proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor evolocumab to background statin therapy lowered LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) below target levels and significantly reduced the risks of cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). At the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Congress 2018 in Munich, Germany, experts reiterated how evolocumab helps lower LDL-C levels and reduces CV events even in patients with various comorbidities.
Ischaemic heart disease was the principal cause of death in Malaysia in 2016, and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is noted as the deadliest clinical presentation of Acute Coronary Syndrome. At the National Heart Association of Malaysia’s 2018 Annual Scientific Meeting, Professor Dr Wan Azman Wan Ahmad shared his insights into the management of STEMI in Malaysia, highlighting the implications of the recent TREAT trial.
At the recent ‘Reinforced for the Glycaemic Challenge’ symposium held at Shangri-la Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Associate Professor Dr Alexander Tan, Professor Dr Chee Kok Han and Dr Chan Siew Pheng shared their insights into the importance of achieving glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), while simultaneously providing them with cardiovascular protection.
Less focus must be given on pretreatment blood pressure (BP) levels, which rarely predict future untreated BP levels or rule out capacity to benefit from BP lowering in high cardiovascular risk patients, according to recent study. Focus must be directed instead on prompt, empirical treatment to maintain lower BP for individuals with high BP or high risk.
Psychological functioning consistently predicts symptom severity and health-related quality of life (hr-QOL) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with preserved left ventricular function, a recent study has found.
Supplementation with either omega-3 fatty acids (ie, fish oil) or vitamin D did not reduce the incidence of major cardiovascular (CV) events (ie, composite of myocardial infarction [MI], stroke, and CV death) or total invasive cancer, according to the VITAL* trial presented at AHA 2018.