A recent study has identified readily accessible risk factors linked to the occurrence of stroke and merged these in an easy-to-use risk score. This score may be used to identify patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure (HF) and an elevated risk for stroke despite their not presenting with atrial fibrillation (AF).
N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is highly predictive of adverse heart failure (HF) outcome in both Asian and Caucasian patients, and the biomarker levels seem to be similar between the two populations in a stable HF setting, according to a study.
Life-threatening complications occur in nearly one in five patients admitted to the hospital with aortic stenosis despite active monitoring in more than half of such patients for the said disorder prior to admission, a recent study has found.
Risks of infection, but not malignancy, are greater in diabetic than nondiabetic immunosuppressed individuals who underwent renal transplantation and may play a bigger role in the excess mortality populations than previously held, a recent study has found. However, the rate of noncardiovascular death in nondiabetic persons also exceeds cardiovascular deaths.
Depression is prevalent among elderly adults with aortic stenosis undergoing transcatheter or surgical aortic valve replacement (TAVR or SAVR), and is associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality, according to the prospective FRAILTY-AVR* cohort study.
Migraine may potentially increase the risks of myocardial infarction, ischaemic stroke, haemorrhagic stroke, venous thromboembolism, and atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter, according to a recent study. In addition, migraine may be a significant predictor for most cardiovascular diseases.
Height-adjusted mean common carotid artery diameter (CCA-D) appears to be an independent predictor of individual target organ damage (TOD), including left ventricular mass index (LVMI), pulse wave velocity (PWV) and urinary albumin/creatinine ratio, as well as overall number of TODs in essential hypertension, according to a study.
Treatment with nebivolol in asymptomatic individuals with prehypertension or borderline blood pressure (BP) provides superior improvements in small artery function compared with atenolol in spite of their similar BP-lowering effect, a study has found.
Red yeast rice extracts have been used in traditional medicine for centuries.1 In recent times, an extract from red yeast rice, Xuezhikang® (XZK), has been studied for its role in dyslipidaemia and cardiovascular disease. This review will look at some of the clinical trials that have done so.