N-acetylcysteine (NAC), sodium bicarbonate, ascorbic acid and statins appear to effectively prevent contrast-induced acute kidney injury in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing coronary angiography with or without percutaneous coronary intervention, according to a meta-analysis. Evidence is strongest for NAC, especially in patients requiring high-contrast doses.
An association exists between respiratory muscle weakness and an increased dead-space ventilation ratio, which exacerbates ventilation–perfusion mismatch during exercise in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), a study has found.
Although in-hospital percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are rare, they are associated with significantly higher morbidity, mortality and cost, according to a recent study.
Preoperative fondaparinux and low-molecular weight heparin confer similar risks of perioperative bleeding in acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), reports a new study.
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery combined with optimal medical therapy (OMT), compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) plus OMT, significantly lowers major adverse cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in stable ischaemic heart disease (SIHD) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and no chronic kidney disease (CKD), a study has shown.
The use of spot urine appears to be unhelpful in estimating 24-hour urinary sodium excretion at the individual level due to its poor performance with regard to misclassification, according to a recent study.