In this case report, we present the challenges encountered by physicians and cardiologists managing patients with advanced HF, and highlight the broadening spectrum of medical therapies and pathways that comprise contemporary practice.
Dr. Kelvin Ki-Wan Chan, Dr. Chun-Ka Wong, 20180710000000
Case 1: Madam A became pregnant at 38 years of age. She carried a class IV risk under the modified WHO classification of maternal cardiovascular risk, for which pregnancy was contraindicated. Termination of pregnancy was repeatedly suggested, but the couple opted to continue with the pregnancy.
Case 2: Madam B had had hypertension since early adolescence. Apart from being obese with a Body Mass Index of 34 kg/m2and fatty liver disease, extensive investigations were unrevealing. Her family history was unremarkable. She was then lost to follow-up. At 24 years of age, madam B was referred back to our hospital for a high-risk pregnancy situation during her first trimester.
Dr. Michael Sze, Dr. Tammy Ma, Dr. Yui-Ming Lam, 20180409000000
A 47-year-old gentleman with a known history of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and mild-to-moderate mitral regurgitation since his 30s presented to Queen Mary Hospital with sudden onset of chest pain and palpitations for 1 day.
Dr. Michael Kwan-Lung Ko, Dr. Siu-Yin Wong, 20170710000000
Case 1: A 79-year-old male patient presented initially with acute coronary syndrome and newly diagnosed myeloproliferative neoplasm with high white blood cell and platelet counts. He was stabilized and subsequently discharged with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (aspirin plus clopidogrel) and hydroxyurea.
Case 2: A 62-year-old female patient with a history of decompensated cryptogenic cirrhosis presented with acute variceal haemorrhage with haematemesis. Emergency OGD revealed three columns of grade 3 oesophageal varices with fibrin clot noted on one of them.
Case 3: A 51-year-old female patient with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus and hyperlipidaemia was referred to our hepatology clinic for evaluation of deranged liver function.
An 82-year-old lady with hypertension and hyperlipidaemia presented with 2 weeks’ history of increasing breathing difficulty. She had flu-like illness 2 weeks ago with some residual dry cough. Physical examination showed low-grade fever of 37.8°C with mildly elevated jugular venous pressure and mild pedal oedema. There was no obvious murmur, and chest auscultation revealed bilateral basal crepitations. Her blood pressure was 130/80 mm Hg. She required oxygen 1 L/min to maintain blood oxygen saturation level (SpO2) of 94 percent.
Dr. Yiting Fan, Yiqun Zhang, Dr. Xingwei Zhang, Dr. Alex Pui-Wai Lee, 20160812000000
A 74-year-old man with a history of paroxysmal non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) despite oral anticoagulation was referred for catheter-based left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion.
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Combination therapy with ezetimibe/statin improved low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), as stated in a 16-week one-centre, prospective, randomised, open-label clinical trial.
Prasugrel is superior than clopidogrel in the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as presented in a study.
Earlier oral β blocker administration is substantially correlated with lower rates of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and in-hospital mortality in acute coronary syndrome patients, according to a study.
The absence of the classical symptom of chest pain in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) appears to be associated with more complications and higher short- and long-term mortality rates, particularly in younger and healthier patients, according to a study.