Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) improve survival and quality of life (QoL) in patients with advanced heart failure (HF). At the National Heart Centre Singapore (NHCS), a mechanical cardiac support (MCS) programme in place since 2001 has shown a 2-year survival rate of 100 percent with the use of continuous flow pumps.
Tolvaptan improves dyspnoea, increases sodium levels and reduces body weight in patients with acute heart failure (HF) with or without hyponatraemia, but no significant effect is seen in mortality or rehospitalization, according to a recent meta-analysis.
A left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) cut-off of 60 percent may identify patients with heart failure (HF) with mid-range or preserved ejection fraction (mrEF or pEF) who could benefit from drug therapy.
Early use of mTOR inhibitors for primary immunosuppression may attenuate the progression of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) and reduce mortality after heart transplantation (HTX), while noninvasive assessments may become promising alternatives to endomyocardial biopsy for diagnosis of allograft rejection, recent studies have shown.
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Targeting a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level <70 mg/dL following an ischaemic stroke of atherosclerotic origin helps to avoid one in four subsequent major vascular events without increasing the risk of intracranial haemorrhage over about 5 years of follow-up, according to data from the Treat Stroke to Target trial.
Early initiation of rhythm-control therapy led to a significantly reduced risk of major adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes compared with usual care (typically rate control) in patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF) at risk of stroke, reveals the EAST-AFNET 4* trial presented at ESC 2020.