Prediabetes in youngsters is associated with an 88 percent lifetime risk of diabetes and a nearly 80 percent higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), researchers from the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) have reported.
Initially approved to improve glycaemic control and reduce cardiovascular death in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D), the SGLT-2* inhibitor empagliflozin reduced hospitalization for heart failure (HFH) or cardiovascular death and delayed renal function decline when added to recommended therapy in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) in the EMPEROR-Reduced** trial. The EMPEROR-Preserved** trial has now shown that the benefits of empagliflozin extend to patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).
Despite reducing triglyceride levels, pemafibrate does not reduce the risk of cardiovascular (CV) events among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and hypertriglyceridemia, according to results of the PROMINENT trial presented at AHA 2022.
Rapidly maximizing medications in patients discharged from hospital following acute heart failure (AHF) reduced the risk of hospital readmission or death at 180 days, according to results of the STRONG-HF* trial presented at AHA 2022.
In patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), discontinuing renin–angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitor therapy does not slow down decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), a recent trial showed.
A polypill comprising ultra-low doses of four antihypertensive drugs shows promise in reducing blood pressure (BP) levels compared with standard monotherapy, according to a small study presented at AHA 2022.
The cardiovascular (CV) benefit of dapagliflozin in patients with heart failure with mildly reduced or preserved ejection fraction (HFmrEF/HFpEF) is evident regardless of baseline kidney function, according to an analysis of the DELIVER* trial presented at Kidney Week 2022.