candidiasis
CANDIDIASIS
Candida sp are the most common cause of fungal infections.
 It can cause infections that range from benign mucocutaneous illnesses to invasive process that may affect any organ.
 It is considered as normal flora in the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, but when there is an imbalance in the ecological niche, they can invade and cause disease.
Most common risk factors include broad-spectrum antibiotic use, central venous catheter use, receipt of parenteral nutrition, receipt of renal placement therapy by patients in ICUs, neutropenia, implantable prosthetic device use and receipt of immunosuppressive agents.
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  2. Pappas PG, Kauffman CA, Andes D, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of candidiasis: 2009 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Mar;48(5):503-535. doi: 10.1086/596757. PMID: 19191635
  3. Dismukes WE. Introduction to antifungal drugs. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Apr;30(4):653-657. PMID: 10770726
  4. Henderson HM, Chapman SW. Infections due to fungi, actinomycetes, and nocardia. In: Reese RF, Chapman SW, Penn RL. Reese and Betts’ a practical approach to infectious diseases. 5th ed: Lippincott, William and Wilkins; 2002:592-597
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  7. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Dermatology/12/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Dermatology.xml
  8. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
  9. Ministry of Health Malaysia. National antibiotic guideline 2014, 2nd edition. Pharmaceutical Services Divisions, Ministry of Health Malaysia. http://www.pharmacy.gov.my. Dec 2014. Accessed 16 Jul 2015.
  10. Pappas PG, Kauffman CA. Andes DR, et al. Clinical practice guideline for the management of candidiasis: 2016 update by the Infectious Disease Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Feb;62(4):e1-e50. doi: 10.1093/cid/civ933. Accessed 15 Feb 2016. PMID: 26679628
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