Candida sp are the most common cause of fungal infections.
It can manifests from benign mucocutaneous illnesses to invasive process that may affect any organ.
It is considered as normal flora in the gastrointestinal &
genitourinary tracts, but when there is an imbalance in the ecological
niche they can invade & cause disease.
The immune response of the patient is the important determinant of the type of infection caused by Candida.
Most common risk factors include: prematurity, very low birth weight, use of broad-spectrum antibiotics use, use of central venous catheters, receipt of parenteral nutrition, receipt of renal placement therapy by patients in intensive care unit (ICU), neutropenia, use of implantable prosthetic devices and receipt of immunosuppressive agents.
Use of mirabegron in the treatment of men with overactive bladder (OAB) appears to effectively alleviate urgency and storage symptoms, but not reduce the frequency of micturition episodes, according to data from the MIRACLE study.
A recent study has shown that the short-term efficacy of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is superior to entecavir (ETV) for the treatment of acute-on-chronic-liver failure (ACLF) due to reactivation of chronic hepatitis B (CHB).